50. JASPER COUNTY, IOWA

 

Section I: History and Geography


History

 

Jasper County was formed in 1846 from the unorganized Mahaska Territory.  The county and its county seat were named after two Revolutionary War soldiers who served under General Francis Marion, “The Swamp Fox.”  The county was named after William Jasper and the town was named after a Sergeant Newton.

 

Jasper County is primarily an agricultural county.  The topography is high and rolling.  It is within the watersheds of the North and South Skunk Rivers.  Early settlers dammed the rivers for their grain mills.  There are coal deposits in the townships south of Newton.  There was extensive coal mining in Palo Alto, Fairview and Richland Townships after the Civil War and into the early twentieth century.

 

The first white settlement was in 1843 near present day Monroe.  The first settlers trickled in during the 1850’s, then more extensively after the Civil War.  Most of the settlers came from within other portions of the United States.  In 1875, only 7% of Jasper County’s population was foreign born.  At that time, 40% of the county residents had been born in Iowa.  The area around Sully and Lynnville had settlers from the Netherlands.

 

Newton, the county seat was incorporated in 1857.  The first courthouse was built there in 1847.  The current courthouse, built in 1911 and is the county’s third courthouse.  Newton in on the main line of the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad.  Foundries and brickyards were among the first industries.  F.L. Maytag began manufacturing farm implements in 1897.  In 1897 the company started making wood tub washing machines to take up some of the slack during the winter.  The washing machine venture proved to be a success, and the Maytag Company eventually dropped their farm implement business in favor of making washing machines.

 

 

Boundaries

 

Jasper County is located in central Iowa.  It is surrounded by the following counties: West – Polk Co., North – Story and Marshall Cos., NE – Tama Co., East – Poweshiek Co., South – Mahaska and Marion Cos., and SW – Warren Co.

 

Current towns and communities (Zip codes given for towns having Post Offices)

 

Town/Community        Township                                             Population

1890                                  1990

 

Baxter 50028                 Independence                                          225                   938

Colfax 50054                 Washington                                             957                2,462

Galesburg                     Elk Creek                                                100

Ira 50127                       Independence                                            20

Kellogg 50135                Kellogg                                                    700                   626

Killduff 50137                 Buena Vista                                              50

Lambs Grove                 Newton                                                                            212

Lynnville 50153              Lynn Grove                                              261                   393    

Mingo 50168                  Poweshiek                                               100                   252

Monroe 50170                Fair View                                                 952                1,739

Newburg                        Hickory Grove                                          200                       

Newton 50208                Newton                                                 2,564              14,799

Prairie City 50228          Des Moines                                             684                1,366

Reasoner 50232             Palo Alto                                                 100                   191

Sully 50251                   Lynn Grove                                              150                   841

Valeria                          Poweshiek                                               100                     69

 

Abandoned towns

 

Town                           Township                                 Town                           Township

 


 

Amboy                          Kellogg                                     Morristown                    (became Ostwalt)

Adamsville                     Buena Vista                              North Skunk River          Richland

Bush                             Mound Prairie                            Ostwalt                         Poweshiek

Carr (became Vandalia)  Des Moines                               Palmyra                        Independence

Clyde                            Clear Creek                               Parkersburg                   Mound Prairie

Dairy Grove                   Elk Creek                                  Pleasant View               Kellogg

Dawson             Independence                            Prairiebelle                    Washington

Dixie (became Turner)    Rock Creek                               Quincy                          (became Vandalia)

Draper                           Fairview                         Rushville                       Kellogg

Elk Creek                      Elk Creek                                  Seevers             Mound Prairie

Elliott                            (became Prairie City)                  Sugar Creek                  Richland

Fairmont                       Fairview                         Tool’s Point                   (became Monroe)

Farmersville                   (became Metz)                          Turner                           Rock Creek

Goddard                        Sherman                                   Vandalia                        Des Moines

Greencastle                   Poweshiek                                Vowells                         (became Farmersville)

Horn                             Malaka                                      Warren Grove                unknown

Independence Center      (became Baxter)                        Williamsville                  (became Woodville)

Jasper City                    (became Kellogg)                       Woodville                      Washington

Kimball                         (became Jasper City)                 Wittemberg                   Newton

Metz                             Mound Prairie

 

Section II: Resource Centers

 

Courthouse:

 

·         [JCCH] Jasper County Courthouse

Box 666 (located n the square)

Newton, Iowa 50208

 

Genealogical Society

 

·         [JCGS] Jasper County Genealogical Society

113 W 2nd St South

P.O. Box 163

Newton, Iowa 50208-0163

 

 

Historical Society & Associations

 

·         [KHS] Kellogg Historical Society

P.O. Box 295

Kellogg, Iowa 50135

·         [JCCC] Jasper County Cemetery Commission

P.O. Box 944

Newton, Iowa 50208

 

 

 

Libraries with Genealogical or Historical Collections

 

·         [CPL] Colfax Public Library

25 West Division Street

Colfax, Iowa 50054

·         [LL] Lynnville Library

301 South Street

Lynnville, Iowa 50153

·         [ML] Monroe Library

103 Washington

Monroe, Iowa 50170

·         [NPL] Newton Public Library

100 North Third Ave West

Newton, Iowa 50208

·         [PCPL] Prairie City Public Library

203 East Jefferson

Prairie City, Iowa 50228

·         [SCL] Sully Community Library

317 7th Avenue

Sully, Iowa 50251

·         [IGSL] Iowa Genealogical Society Library

628 East Grand Avenue

Des Moines, Iowa 50309

·         [ISHL] Iowa State Historical Library

600 East Locust Street

Des Moines, Iowa 50309

 

Museums, Historic Sites and Visitor Centers

 

·         [KM] Kellogg Museum

Kellogg, Iowa 50135

 


Section III: Records – records may be found at the record sites abbreviated after each entry.  See Section II for complete record site information.


Census

 

·         Federal: 1850, 1854, 1856, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930 (microfilm) [IGSL] , [ISHL] ; selected years: [NPL]  ;1850, 1852, 1856 (transcriptions) [IGSL] , [ISHL]

·         Federal Index: 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1920 [IGSL] ,

·         State: 1885, 1895, 1915, 1925, (microfilm) [IGSL] , [ISHL]

 

Vital Records

 

·         Births: (from 1880) originals, [JCCH] . (1880 - 1930), microfilm [IGSL] , [ISHL]

·         Marriages: (from 1846) originals, [JCCH] ; (1846-1907), microfilm [IGSL] , [ISHL] ; marriage index (1839-1895) microfilm [IGSL] ; transcribed marriage records (1849- 1899) [IGSL] , [ISHL]

·         Deaths: (from 1880) originals, [JCCH] ; (1880 - 1910), microfilm [IGSL] , [ISHL]

·         Summary of Vital Statistics 1976 from Sully newspaper [IGSL]

·         Jasper Co Gen Soc: Mortality Schedules of Jasper County 1850-1880 (1987): [ISHL]

·         Selected vital records: [PCPL] , [KM]

 

 

Probate and related records

 

·         Probate:  (from 1846), originals: [JCCH]

·         Wills and Probate, (1849-1899), microfilm: [ISHL]

 

Land and related records

 

·         Land records:  (from 1846) originals [JCCH] ; (1846-1887) microfilm: [ISHL]

·         Jasper Co. Land records, docket 153 (transcription) [IGSL]

 

Maps, atlases and gazetteers

 

·         Miscellaneous maps and atlases: [JCCH] , [NPL]

·         Foote: Plat book of Jasper Co. (1887) [IGSL]

·         National Atlas Co.: Jasper Co. Atlas  (1968) [IGSL]

·         Jasper Co. Farm Bureau: Jasper Co. Atlas (1971) [IGSL]

·         Jasper Co. farm plat book and rural directory (1977) [IGSL] , [ISHL]

·         Huebinger: Standard Historical Atlas of Jasper Co (1901): [ISHL]

·         Index to 1901 Jasper Co. Atlas [IGSL]

·         Jasper Co. Rural Resident Directory: [IGSL]

 

Court records

 

·         Court (from 1846) originals [JCCH]

·         Guardians: (1883-1964) microfilm [IGSL] ; administrators, executors, guardians (1856-1869) microfilm [IGSL] , [ISHL]

·         Naturalizations (1869-1903) microfilm [IGSL] , [ISHL] ;

·         Citizenship (1861-1887) microfilm [IGSL] , [ISHL]

·         Adoptions: Jasper Co. Adoptions to 1930 (transcription) [IGSL]

 

Cemetery

 

·         County wide burial information: [JCCC]

·         Daehler: Location Guide to Jasper Co. Cemeteries (1994) [IGSL] , [ISHL]

·         Daehler: Newton Union Cemetery burial register (1993) [IGSL] , [ISHL]

·         Jasper Co. Genealogical Society: Colfax cemetery (1996) [IGSL]

·         Jasper Co. Genealogical Society: Jasper Co. cemeteries (1994), 2 vol. [IGSL] , [ISHL]

·         Schmitt: Colfax cemetery (1989) [IGSL]

·         Newton Union Cemetery 1890-1981 [IGSL]

·         Old Rushville and Independence cemeteries [IGSL]

·         Palo Alto Cemetery [IGSL]

·         Bridge Cemetery [IGSL]

·         West Westfield Cemetery [IGSL]

·         Mound Prairie township cemeteries [IGSL]

·         Long: Jasper County Cemeteries (1976): [ISHL]

·         Long: Maps showing location of cemeteries by towship in Jasper County (1974): [ISHL]

·         Adams: Sugar Grove Cemetery Inscriptions (1987): [ISHL]

 

Funeral homes (current funeral homes for towns listed)

 

·         Miscellaneous information from funeral homes: [CPL] , [ML] , [PCPL] , [SCL]

·         Baxter

-          Boyd-Davis Funeral Home

107 E Fox Avenue, Baxter, Iowa 50028

·         Colfax

-          Walters – Coburn Funeral Home

24 West Howard Street, Colfax, Iowa 50054

·         Newton

-          Wallace-Pence Funeral Home

105 South 2nd Avenue, West, Newton, Iowa 50208

-          Reese Funeral Home

302 North 2nd Avenue, East, Newton, Iowa 50208

-          Wallace Funeral Home

1115 East 19th Street, North, Newton, Iowa 50208

·         Monroe

-          Walters – Coburn Funeral Home

602 North Commerce Street, Monroe, Iowa 50170

·         Prairie City

-          Walters –Coburn Funeral Home

201 South Marshall Street, Prairie City, Iowa 50228

·         Sully

-          Garden Chapel Funeral Home

11892 Highway F62E, Sully, Iowa 50251

 

Obituaries

 

·         Cowman: Obituaries from Prairie City News 1900-1920 [IGSL] , [ISHL]

·         Obituaries and marriages from Prairie City News 1880-1920 [IGSL]

·         Jasper Co., Iowa Obituaries 1900-1920 [IGSL]

 

Church, Bible

 

·         History of Union Chapel,  n.d. [IGSL]

·         First Lutheran Church of Newton, death records 1865-1900 [IGSL] , [ISHL]

·         Jordon: The Catholic Church in Newton (1976) [IGSL] , [ISHL]

·         Meredith, et al: History of the First Presbyterian Church, Newton 1855-1955 (1955): [IGSL] , [ISHL]

·         Centennial Committee: Bethany United Methodist Church, Baxter (1969): [ISHL]

·         Nyhouse: History of the Kilduff Circuit of the Methodist Church 1850-1940, n.d.: [ISHL]

·         Bicentennial Committee: Monroe Methodist Church baptisms 1871-1899 : [ISHL]

·         Lynnville Friends Church – 125th Anniversary, 1851-1976 (1976): [ISHL]

·         Moore, et al: History of the Bethel United Methodist Church (1975): [ISHL]

·         Poage: Background and history of the Community Congregational Christian Church, Baxter 1885-1960 (1960): [ISHL]

 

Military

 

·         Miscellaneous military records: [JCCH] , [NPL]

·         Honor Roll of Jasper Co. Iowa 1917-19 [IGSL] , [ISHL]

 

Newspapers: 

 

·         Baxter

-          Baxter New Era, (1905-1971), microfilm: [ISHL]

·         Colfax

-          The Colfax Clipper, (1880-1018), microfilm: [ISHL]

-          Colfax Tribune, (1922-1977), microfilm: [ISHL]

-          Jasper County Tribune, (1975-1997): [ISHL]

-          Colfax (from 1880) [CPL]

·         Kellogg

-          The Kellogg Enterprise, (1880-1934), microfilm: [ISHL]

-          (1881 – 1930) originals [KM]

·         Lynnville

-          The Lynnville Journal, (1963-1965), microfilm: [ISHL]

·         Monroe

-          The Monroe Mirror, (1973-1993), microfilm: [ISHL]

-          The Monroe Mirror, (1993-1997), microfilm: [ISHL]

-          Monroe Legacy [ML]

·         Newton

-          Newton newspapers (from 1877) [NPL]

-          The Newton Journal (1877-1916), microfilm: [ISHL]

-          The Newton Herald (1893-1899), microfilm: [ISHL]

-          The Newton Record (1898-1921), microfilm: [ISHL]

-          The Newton Daily News (1927-2002), microfilm: [ISHL]

-          Jasper Co. Record (1922-1941), microfilm: [ISHL]

·         Prairie City

-          The Prairie City News (1875-1997), microfilm: [ISHL]

-          Prairie City News [PCPL]

-          Cowman: Prairie City Newspapers, n.d. [IGSL]

-          Prairie City Iowa Centennial Newspaper 1875-1975 [IGSL]

·         Sully

- Sully Diamond Trail News (1975-1996), microfilm: [ISHL] , bound: [SCL]

 

Educational, business and other: (school annuals for this county)

 

·         Schmitt: List of Colfax businesses 1866- 1940 [IGSL]

·         Woodrow: A centry of industrial progress in Newton  (1961) [IGSL] , [ISHL]

·         A receipt book from a Jasper Co. country store, n.d. [IGSL]

·         History of Warren Grove School, Fairview Township 1874-1966: [ISHL] , [IGSL]

 

County & Local Histories

 

·         Western Hist. Co.: The History of Jasper County (1878) [IGSL] , [ISHL]

·         Green: Surname Index to the 1878 Jasper County History (1968): [ISHL]

·         Biographical Pub Co.: Portrait and Biographical Record of Jasper, Marshall and Grundy Co. (1894) [IGSL] , [ISHL]

·         Weaver, editor: Past and Present of Jasper County, Iowa, 2 Vol. (1912): [IGSL]

·         Index to  Weaver’s 1912 history [IGSL] , [ISHL]

·         Works Progress Administration: Inventory of Jasper Co. archives (1938): [IGSL] , [ISHL]

·         Baxter Centennial Committee: Recollections and Sketches of Norwest Jasper… (1972)

·         Chamberlain: History of Monroe 1843-1976 (1976): [IGSL]

·         Lynnville Centennial Committee: Lynnville Centennial 1875-1975 (1975): [IGSL]

·         Reasoner Centennial Committee: History of Reasoner  (1967): [IGSL] , [ISHL]

·         History of the town of Mingo (1974): [IGSL]

·         History of Reasoner 1877-1977 (1977): [IGSL]

·         In years gone by: the 1880’s in Prairie City, n.d.:[IGSL]

·         Jasper Co. Yestertowns , n.d.: [IGSL]

·         Recollections and Sketches of Northwest Jasper Co. , n.d.: [IGSL] , [ISHL]

·         Poage: Pioneer Tales of Jasper County, Iowa (1974): [ISHL]

·         Hurto: History of Newton (1992): [ISHL]

·         Images of the Past II, a pictorial history of Jasper County (1999): [ISHL]

·         Prairie Home Guild: Prairie City Iowa – proud of our past … (1992): [ISHL]

·         Kellogg Hist Soc: The Kellogg Enterprise (1981): [ISHL]

·         Cowman: The 1880’s in Prairie City, Iowa (1975): [ISHL]

·         Steele: Recollections of Colfax and Jasper Co., Iowa: [ISHL]

·         Centennial Book Committee: Pioneers past and present of Newburg 1878-1978 (1978): [ISHL]

·         Price: History of Ira, Iowa (1976): [ISHL]

 

Publications

 

·         Iowa Genealogical Society: Hawkeye Heritage articles through 1993, [IGSL]  (Entries indicate year, issue no. and page no.)

-          1870 Census Mortality Schedule (1986) 1:23

-          Jasper Co. Abandoned Towns (1966) 4:104

-          The Annis Tragedy (1986) 1:28

-          Death Records of the First Lutheran Church 1865-1900, Newton (1986) 1:47

-          Griffis Cemetery (1966) 4:107

-          Hartnett’s Funeral Home, Colfax 1898-1919 (1989) 4:187; 1904-1915 (1990) 2:87

-          Jasper Co. History (1966) 4:104

-          Mortality Schedules for 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880 (1987) 4:187

-          Page index to heads of families for 1840 census (1966) 4:106

-          Record of the Congregational Church, Galesburg 1859-1916 (1970) 3:111

-          Unnamed cemetery (1973) 4:193

·         The following Jasper County publications are for sale through the Iowa Genealogy Society.  See the Iowa Genealogical Society Webpage for availability and details.

-          Cemetery records, listed by township

-          1850 Federal Census for Jasper County

-          Every name index for Jasper County Home roll 1917-1919 (military)

 

Section IV: Credits

We wish to acknowledge the contributions made by members of the Jasper County Genealogical Society,  the Jasper County Courthouse, the Iowa State Historical Society and volunteers at the Iowa Genealogical Society in providing data contained in this research guide. Their efforts have been of immeasurable help in gathering this information.